Tuesday, April 29, 2008

BOOK REVIEW- WWII Through German Eyes (Part III of IV)

By Bruno

Disclaimer- Bureaucrats scrutinizing cyberspace and reading these reviews should realize the reviewer is not a Nazi. Additional studies should provide a balance. Obviously, no messenger should be slain for commenting on the writings of others. Shooting the messenger is not part of Latin culture.

It’s apparent that the author has read many diaries and documents. He writes that the generals feared their Fuhrer. Yet Hitler had successfully gambled in the cases of the Rhineland, Austria and the Sudetenland. His support for Mansterin’s unconventional plan in 1940 won the war in six weeks. To oppose the Fuhrer would mean the end of one’s career.

Common people insisted that Hitler had hypnotic eyes. His eyes in his flophouses of 1914 influenced nobody. Hindenburg and other intellectuals also did not notice this effect. No one however can deny that the Austrian laborer was worshipped by the masses. A regional nationalist, he told them what they wanted to hear; they were the best. He would rectify past wrongs.

The Fuhrer knew he was a genius. He said he always was a genius. He was the greatest military genius of all time. When he initiated his wars, propaganda campaigns were successful in having the populace sacrifice and save fuel and food. Diplomatic evidence verifies that he gambled on the peace with Europe when he sent his troops into the Rhineland. The masses rejoiced at his winnings.

He destroyed opposition via Fifth Column activists in Austria and his propaganda noted the world would not reject the reunion of German blood. The author notes that after the Sudetenland affair, hearts swelled with pride at their Fuhrer’s Czech gains. He said if Prague rejected his demands bombs would raze the ancient city. He then took Memel. The masses were told that the Polish Corridor hindered Germans. There was no mention that the Poles were an ancient European people that inhabited the Corridor, had been a united nation for over 800 years before the Prussians initiated the partitions (that took that state off the map). We read, “Masses were told that GB’s guarantee to Warsaw closed a ring of aggressive nations around the Fatherland.”

On Sept. 1, 1939 Hitler declared in the Reichstag that Warsaw’s aggression against the Reich could no longer be tolerated. WWII had begun. According to factual records, the Nazis deemed they would fight a series of lightening wars and at the end the Fatherland would be the supreme power in Europe. Industry and agriculture of conquered lands would end up as former Polish and Czech lands and food would be guaranteed. Germany would be superior to all other nations.

Nazi Germans would administer weaker Europeans. (p. 48) The Slav was racially inferior. Thus, superior men would be appointed to govern Slavic nations. Hans Frank, for example, would rule Poland. Alfred Rosenberg, an academic, would run Ukraine and Byelorussia.

The author tells us that the suffering of Ukrainians under Nazi policy was so terrible that the masses preferred the tyranny of Moscow. Nazi philosophy produced a tide of partisan warfare (p. 50). Capturing Ukrainian and Russian women and using them in military run brothels, did not sit well with natives.

Due to a labour shortage, foreigners were used to fill German farms. It was only natural that they needed sexual outlets. Many of the slaves on these farms were young, handsome, blue-eyed blond, well built men. Every effort was made to guard against sexual liaisons that could result in Poles and Byelorussians being guilty of sexual misconduct. We read that Slavic men would suffer execution and the women would be sent to labor camps (p. 60).

The book shows that that Nazi propaganda was colourful and quite extensive. It was on a scale never seen by man. People were told about the unequal exchange of British bases for US destroyers. This was supposed to be evidence of how Americans exploited others.

According to Nazi propaganda, it was annoying that German youth watched Hollywood films. Even black jazz was enjoyed by Germans. Military records verify that the Nazis realized America could eventually out produce Germany. However, Berlin had a jump-start and it would take years for the US to catch up. Before that occurred, the Soviet Union would be defeated and England would have been subdued. By that time Europe, the workshop of the world would be working for Nazis.

Hitler’s Germany would be more than a match for Americans (p.75). It was all so simple. Russians represented the Slavs while the German was the superior Teutonic type (p.75). Slavs were not completely useless. We read that Slavs were working Nazi mines.

Propaganda emphasized that the Nazis would attack Russia for Europe. The Czechs were a special case. They had a well-developed armaments industry needed by the Reich. Most important was the fact that the allies had no intention of bombing Czech lands. The Czechs weren’t bad but they weren’t Germans. When Heydrich was killed, the Nazis leveled the village of Lidice and killed many of its innocent citizents. This lack of diplomacy back fired on the Nazis as partisan resistance increased.

For some reason the author denotes a great deal of his book to documentation pertaining to the Nazi plan called Sea Lion. A picture is shown of German assault landing craft being prepared for operation Sea Lion. Readers are told that planes would have to go back to France for refueling. General Reinhardt wrote about landings from barges during low tide.

The author leaves the generals and listens to a common soldier. Alex Hoffer a German rifleman describes arduous sea-invasion training and the awful smell of vomit. Throughout Germany a new song was being sung that had a chorus line of “We are sailing off to England, ahoy.”

The invasion would be called Eagle Day. On August 15, 2,119 sorties were flown over the skies of England to soften up the Brits. Nazi officers spoke about envisioning the White cliffs of Dover.

German intelligence reports referred to estimated British fighting potential, including detachments of French, Belgium, Polish and Czech armies that were in Great Britain. The task was to smash RAF in a fast destructive operation. The army wrote that the operation was a variant of a standard river crossing.

The author presents reprints of extracts from Hitler’s operation Sea Lion. Papers show that the British would be defeated in a brilliant blitzkrieg. The Kriegsmarine squawked that it did not have enough ships. Alfred Jodl wrote that the final victory was only a matter of time. Nazi military records affirm that the battle would be of short duration. Operation Sea Lion would have an element of surprise. Diaries assert that German supremacy would provide victory with ease. Ordinary Swastika flags would be spread on desks as a signal to Nazi aircraft. The author writes about the fearful thoughts of the British when they would see the German assault. The Nazi invasion would appear out of darkness. After the success of savaging the Belgium and Dutch armies and the thrust across France, English ground troops would pose no dilemma.

Common German troops remembered the victories over the British. The scale of destruction at Dunkirk astounded them. Wrecks of large ships had been sunk everywhere. Heavy lorries were seen sunken. Field guns stood empty everywhere, the dead could be seen in every direction. English bodies bobbled up and down with waves. Machine guns were strewn across the beaches like little toys. Smoke rose from clouds of burning and sunk military objects. Soldiers remembered the carnage. England would pose no problem.

The Nazis had saved years of producing weapons by gaining an ocean of supplies when capturing Prague and Warsaw. In 44 days they had taken over the Dutch and secured Belgian weaponry. They had chased the French. The world could see the might of mighty Adolf Hitler. America was neutral, but she sided with England due to heritage and tradition. The Jewish world community hated Hitler. The whole attention of the Reich was absorbed in the war with London.

Records show that Hitler started considering the advantages, of a lightning campaign against Russia. It was true that the English were not finished, but they could wait. After all, admiral Doenitz said that by the spring of 1941 120 U Boats could be in service and they would strangle British shipping as the Luftwaffe destroyed English cities.

Even though the directives for the invasion of England were on the planning board, this could wait, there was no rush. The Nazis already held Amsterdam, Rotterdam and French ports. The Royal Air Force would fall like game birds to the Luffwafter. Hitler was jubilant about his booty.

One aspect on the political front was troubling; the educated class could see the inadequate diplomacy with other nations. It seemed that this was irrelevant. There were only two remaining enemy countries; GB, the principle enemy of the west, and the political enemy Russia.

Hitler reiterated that England’s pragmatism would demand that she surrender before being invaded. Irish-American Ambassador Joseph Kennedy told Roosevelt that the British would be defeated. The Fuhrer was buoyant with the conviction that he would educate the English. Yet, he did not wish to reduce the British to their knees (because they were a stabilizing influence in the world). He wanted to teach the British Empire a lesson.

Some generals such as Helder thought that England was the principle war goal. To him Russia was a secondary objective. Operation Sea Lion should not be put on hold. Yet, Hitler insisted that it would only take five to six months to defeat Russia. Thus, propaganda posters were prepared for indoctrinating the population. We read a placard that states: Victory over Russia will ensure a higher standard of living for Germans.

It’s interesting to think about Hitler’s postponing operation Sea Lion. He had sent thousands of planes to reduce British cities. Goering had been so involved emotionally that he accused fellow pilots of cowardice. It was noted that the Luftwaffe had failed the Fuhrer. Sea Lion was not dead but dormant. Russia was next on Hitler’s list. The Nazis could always return to London.

Hitler was so certain of beating Russia within half a year that he didn’t even plan for basic necessities, such as clothing. When the disaster struck, his drive for clothing produced 67 million tons from average supportive citizens. This occurred after tens of thousands had needlessly died and been impaired by winter conditions.

The author refers to Hitler’s snap judgments. He lacked an understanding of shipping, sea capability and long-range bombers; and (2) his racial policies towards other Europeans alienated potential allies. His wars lacked men, materials and fuel.

We read that “Hitler had been an infantry soldier and could not grasp that German industry could not possibly meet his extravagant demands.” The author informs us that the Fuhrer’s stupidity regarding weapons and materials and men speaks for itself among all but the most hard core minority of fanatics.

We learn that Alfred Speer told the Fuhrer in early 1945 that the war must end. Speer said that the miracle rocket program was simply a wasteful fantasy and an evident failure. Perhaps Speer didn’t see the hope it gave to German believers.

When the war was lost the Fuhrer was determined to have his millions of subjects go down fighting. At the beginning of WWII he said give me 4 years and you won’t recognize Germany. Now the country was faced with the mighty Red Army and had used up Czech, Polish, Russian and French guns besides its own. It had no weapons and Hitler told the people there would be no retreat. The Party spoke of miracle new inventions, to turn the tide and millions believed in the indoctrinating childlike tales.

The author deems, looking back, that the Kriegsmarine was powerless to counter the British Empire’s fleet. The war was insane.

In the end, the mentality of the Nazi leadership could be seen for what it was. It spoke of guerilla forces fighting America, GB, the Soviet Union and France -after capitulation!

With a complete disregard of the population and in an obsession with insane fantasy theory, the idea of a Wehrwolf movement was instituted. In the meantime, as troops were abandoning their positions, large numbers of wounded men found themselves in desperate situations.

Masses of letters in the post office asked why peace was not being declared. Hitler had not visited one bombed out city. As civilians dug ditches in Berlin, Cologne had given up without a fight. With the war lost, destruction needlessly continued due to successful Nazi brainwashing. Goebbels actually said that the fewer cities left in Germany the freer are we to fight (p. 86).

Adolescent like policy could be seen by the forming of the Volkssturm. It consisted of kids and elderly men. These future warriors were told they were soldiers. Many were issued foreign guns with little ammunition. They were to face the mighty Russian Army.

Women were being raped on a scale that was unimaginable. The Nazis were completely delusional. They convinced large numbers of the masses that the capitalists had to fight the communists. They insisted that Moscow’s complaint about the West “not opening a second front in 1942, 1943 was proof of their allegation.”

We read that the Red Army’s men had advanced hundred of miles on foot. Soldiers from Leningrad knew of tens of thousands of children being taken on sleds to cemeteries. Russian rage stood in line before rape.

Russian soldiers spoke of Slavic women being used in Nazi military brothels. One of the most depressing items that the author writes about pertains to German women fearing Czech partisans. One girl was hit on the head. The Czechs thought she was dead and that allowed her to escape rape.

Women disguised themselves in the uniforms of male soldiers. Those that passed out, due to heavy lifting, were told that their future was to serve as whores in the Red Army.

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